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Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Physiology

REMOVAL OF SODIUM-CHANNEL INACTIVATION IN SQUID AXON BY THE OXIDANT CHLORAMINE-T

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Journal Title:

JOURNAL OF GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY

Volume:

Volume 86, Number 2

Publisher:

, Pages 289-302

Type of Work:

Article

Abstract:

We have investigated the effects of a mild oxidant, chloramine-T (CT), on the sodium and potassium currents of squid axons under voltageclamp conditions. Sodium channel inactivation of squid giant axons can be completely removed by CT at neutral pH. Internal and external CT treatment are both effective. CT apparently removes inactivation in an irreversible, allornone manner. The activation process of sodium channels is little affected, as judged from the voltage dependence of peak sodium currents, the rising phase of sodium currents, and the time course of tail currents following the repolarization. The removal of inactivation by CT is pH-dependent; higher pH decreases the removal rate, whereas lower pH increases it. Internal metabisulfite, a strong reductant, does not protect inactivation from the action of external CT, nor does external metabisulfite protect from internal CT application. CT slightly depresses the peak potassium currents at comparable concentrations but has no apparent effects on their kinetics. Our results suggest that the neutral form of CT modifies an embedded methionine residue that is involved in sodium channel inactivation. © 1985, Rockefeller University Press., All rights reserved.
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