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Author Notes:

Minh-Cam Duong, minh.cam.duong@emory.edu

The authors would like to thank the participation of mothers in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap and our colleagues from the National Institute of Public Health, Cambodia. Financial support: This work was funded in part by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Bureau for Food Security under Agreement # AID-OAA-L-15-00003 as part of Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed here are those of the authors alone. We also acknowledge the financial support of the CGIAR research program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health. Conflict of interest: There are no conflicts of interest. Authorship: M.C.D., M.F.Y., H.V.N. and D.G. designed the study and the survey tools. C.T., H.S. and V.S. led the data collection. M.C.D. analysed data and wrote the manuscript. M.C.D. and M.F.Y. interpreted the data. M.F.Y., H.V.N. and D.G. provided intellectual inputs and critical feedback to the manuscript. All authors critically reviewed the draft content and approved the final version submitted for publication. Ethics of human subject participation: The current study was conducted according to the guidelines laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki, and all procedures involving research study participants were approved by the Emory University Institutional Review Board, United States and the National Ethic Committee for Health Research in Cambodia (No 300 NDCHR). Verbal consent from participating mothers was obtained prior to the enrollment. Verbal consent was witnessed and formally recorded.

Subject:

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
  • Nutrition & Dietetics
  • Neighbourhood food access
  • Maternal and child nutrition
  • Urban nutrition
  • Cambodia
  • ENVIRONMENT
  • PERCEPTIONS
  • SAFETY

Perceived neighbourhood food access is associated with consumption of animal-flesh food, fruits and vegetables among mothers and young children in peri-urban Cambodia

Tools:

Journal Title:

PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION

Volume:

Volume 25, Number 3

Publisher:

, Pages 717-728

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract:

Abstract Objective: To examine whether mothers' perceived neighbourhood food access is associated with their own and their young children's consumption of animal-flesh food, fruits and vegetables in peri-urban areas of Cambodia. Design: A cross-sectional survey measured food consumption frequency and perceived neighbourhood food access, the latter including six dimensions of food availability, affordability, convenience, quality, safety and desirability. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the association between perceived food access and food consumption. Setting: Peri-urban districts of Phnom Penh and Siem Reap, Cambodia Participants: 198 mothers of children between 6 and 24 months old. Results: Over 25 % of the mothers and 40 % of the children had low consumption (< once a day) of either animal-flesh food or fruits and vegetables. Compared with perceived high food access, perceived low food access was associated with an adjusted 5·6-fold and 4·3-fold greater odds of low animal-flesh food consumption among mothers (95 % CI 2·54, 12·46) and children (95 % CI 2·20, 8·60), respectively. Similarly, relative to perceived high food access, perceived low food access was associated with 7·6-Times and 5·1-Times higher adjusted odds of low fruits and vegetables consumption among mothers (95 % CI 3·22, 18·02) and children (95 % CI 2·69, 9·83), respectively. Conclusions: Mothers' perceived neighbourhood food access was an important predictor of their own and their young children's nutrient-rich food consumption in peri-urban Cambodia. Future work is needed to confirm our findings in other urban settings and examine the role of neighbourhood food environment in the consumption of both nutrient-rich and nutrient-poor food.

Copyright information:

© The Authors 2021

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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