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Author Notes:

bethpdavis@emory.edu

Subject:

Research Funding:

None to report.

Keywords:

  • Communication Skills
  • Interprofessional Education
  • Program Evaluation
  • Quality Improvement/Patient Safety
  • SBAR
  • Humans
  • Patient Safety
  • Communication
  • Students, Health Occupations
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Delivery of Health Care

Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendation (SBAR) Education for Health Care Students: Assessment of a Training Program

Tools:

Conference Name:

NEXUS SUMMIT 2019

Publication Date:

Type of Work:

Poster

Abstract:

Introduction: Interprofessional communication failures are estimated to be a factor in two-thirds of serious health care-related accidents. Using a standardized communication protocol during transfer of patient information between providers improves patient safety. An interprofessional education (IPE) event for first-year health professions students was designed using the Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendation (SBAR) tool as a structured communication framework. IPE literature, including a valid measurement tool specifically tailored for SBAR, was utilized to design the Interprofessional Team Training Day (ITTD) and evaluate learner gains in SBAR skills. Methods: Learners from six educational programs participated in ITTD, which consisted of didactics, small-group discussion, and role-play using the SBAR protocol. Individual learners were assessed using the SBAR Brief Assessment Rubric for Learner Assessment (SBAR-LA) on SBAR communication skills before and after the ITTD event. Learners received a written clinical vignette and submitted video recordings of themselves simulating the use of SBAR to communicate to another health care professional. Pre- and postrecordings were scored using the SBAR-LA rubric. Normalized gain scores were calculated to estimate the improvement attributable to ITTD. Results: SBAR-LA scores increased for 60% of participants. For skills not demonstrated before the event, the average learner acquired 44% of those skills from ITTD. Learners demonstrated statistically significant increases for five of 10 SBAR-LA skills. Discussion: The value to patient safety of utilizing structured communication between health care providers is proven; however, evaluating IPE teaching of communication skills effectiveness is challenging. Using SBAR-LA, communication skills were shown to improve following ITTD.

Copyright information:

© 2023 Davis et al.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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