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Author Notes:

Euna M. August, eaugust@cdc.gov


Research Funding:

This evaluation project was funded by the National Foundation for the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC Foundation). Funding for the Z-CAN program via the CDC Foundation was made possible by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the Pfizer Foundation, and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. The CDC Foundation also secured large-scale donations, offers of contraceptive products, support tools, and services from Bayer, Allergan, Medicines360, Americares and Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Merck & Co., Inc., Mylan, the Pfizer Foundation, Teva Pharmaceuticals, Church & Dwight Co., Inc., RB, Power to Decide (formerly The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy), Upstream USA, and Market Vision, Culture Inspired Marketing.


  • Social Sciences
  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Communication
  • Health Policy & Services
  • Health Care Sciences & Services
  • US

Impact of a Health Communication Campaign on Uptake of Contraceptive Services during the 2016-2017 Zika Virus Outbreak in Puerto Rico


Journal Title:



Volume 38, Number 2


, Pages 252-259

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review


The Zika Contraception Access Network (Z-CAN) was established during the 2016–2017 Zika virus outbreak in Puerto Rico as a short-term emergency response program providing client-centered contraceptive counseling and same-day access to the full range of reversible contraceptive methods at no cost to women wishing to delay pregnancy. An evidence-based communication campaign, Ante La Duda, Pregunta (ALDP), was launched to encourage utilization of Z-CAN services. We assessed the effectiveness of campaign tactics in increasing awareness of Z-CAN among women in Puerto Rico. Data on campaign exposure and awareness were obtained through a self-administered online survey approximately two weeks after an initial Z-CAN visit, while the number of searches for participating clinics were obtained from monitoring the campaign website. Findings demonstrated that the most common ways survey respondents learned about Z-CAN were through friends or family (38.3%), social media (23.9%), a clinical encounter (12.7%), and website (11.7%). Nearly two-thirds (61.1%) of respondents had heard of the ALDP campaign. Over the campaign’s duration, there were 27,273 searches for Z-CAN clinics. Findings suggest that evidence-based communication campaigns may increase awareness of needed public health services during emergencies. Word of mouth, social media, and digital engagement may be appropriate communication tactics for emergency response mobilization.

Copyright information:

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
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