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Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Neurosciences
  • Neurosciences & Neurology
  • PET radioligand
  • 5-HT2C receptor
  • in vivo
  • brain imaging
  • carbon-11
  • SEROTONIN RECEPTORS
  • BRAIN
  • LOCALIZATION
  • AGONISTS

Synthesis and Evaluation of [C-11]7-Halogen-2-Phenyl Isoindolone Derivatives: Potential PET Radioligands for in vivo Imaging of 5-HT2C Receptors

Tools:

Journal Title:

FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE

Volume:

Volume 15, Number

Publisher:

, Pages 766320-766320

Type of Work:

Article

Abstract:

The serotonin 5-HT2C receptor (5-HT2CR) is abundantly expressed throughout the central nervous system, and involved in a variety of neuroendocrine and neurobehavioral processes. The development of a selective radioligand that will enable in vivo imaging and quantification of 5-HT2CR densities represents a significant technological advancement in understanding both the normal function and pathophysiology of the 5-HT2CR. Four 7-halogen-2-phenyl isoindolones (7-F, Cl, Br, I) were synthesized and displayed high affinities for 5-HT2CR and high selectivity over 5-HT2A and 5-HT2B. [11C]7-Chloro-2-[4-methoxy-3-[2-(4-methylpiperidin-1-yl)ethoxy]phenyl]isoindolin-1-one (6) and [11C]7-iodo-2-[4-methoxy-3-[2-(4-methylpiperidin-1-yl)ethoxy]phenyl]isoindolin-1-one (9) were synthesized in high radiochemical yield of 37–44% [n = 10, decay corrected from end of (11C)CH3I synthesis] with high radiochemical purity via O-methylation with [11C]CH3I, respectively. MicroPET imaging studies in male rats with or without 5-HT2C antagonist SB-242084 showed that [11C]6 and [11C]9 display specific bindings to 5-HT2CR in the choroid plexus and hippocampus. In vivo microPET brain imaging studies in rhesus monkeys demonstrated that [11C]6 and [11C]9 exhibit excellent blood-brain barrier penetration. The contrast of bindings to the choroid plexus and hippocampus compared to the cerebellum peaked at 2.7 and 1.6, respectively, for [11C]6, and 3.7 and 2.7, respectively, for [11C]9, which were reduced by administration of a dose of SB-242084. Our results support the candidacy of [11C]6 and [11C]9 for further study as radioligands for in vivo quantitation of 5-HT2C sites by PET.
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