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Author Notes:

Correspondence: Sami Alqahtani, 4989 Almusa Subdivision, Unit #2, Khamis Mushayt 62463-8464, Saudi Arabia., samithabit@hotmail.com

I would like to express my deepest appreciation to my mentor, supervisor, and thesis advisor, Dr Scott McNabb, for his kind support, in-depth knowledge, and skills generously shared with me; Dr Kenneth Castro for his encouragement and insightful comments; Dr Jose Binongo, for his help with the statistical analysis of my thesis;

the Director of Infection Prevention and Control at the Saudi MoH; Dr Abdullah Assiri, for his endless support whenever needed; the Acting Director of the NTCPP at the MoH; Dr Abdulhameed Kashkary, for his patience, motivation, enthusiasm, and assistance in data collection; last but not least, Dr Heba Kamal, Director of Riyadh Sector Tuberculosis Control Program.

Disclosures: None.

Subjects:

Research Funding:

None declared

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
  • Directly observed therapy
  • Mobile teams
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Directly observed therapy

Impact of mobile teams on tuberculosis treatment outcomes, Riyadh Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2013-2015

Tools:

Journal Title:

Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume:

Volume 7

Publisher:

, Pages S29-S33

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract:

The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the tuberculosis (TB) mobile teams on treatment outcomes in Riyadh Region by comparing patients who received treatment under mobile teams and those who did not, from 2013 to 2015. This was a retrospective descriptive study using National TB Control and Prevention Program data from 2013 to 2015 from Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Descriptive analyses were used to summarize characteristics of TB case-patients served by mobile teams and those who were not served. The χ2 test measured the significant differences between mobile-served and non-mobile-served case-patients. Exposure was whether or not the TB case-patient was under the care of the mobile team; the outcome of interest was whether or not treatment was successful, defined as treatment completed and cured. We found that the ratio of treatment success among mobile team case-patients was 1.28 greater than among those not served by mobile teams. The χ2 test showed a statistically significant finding (probability ratio = 1.28; 95% confidence interval = 1.21–1.35, p < 0.01). Mobile teams increased the treatment success rate to 92%, compared to 71.77% among those not served by mobile teams. This study shows that community mobilization of mobile teams is an effective strategy to enhance TB treatment, reduced mortality and loss to follow-up and improve TB treatment outcomes.

Copyright information:

© 2017 Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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