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Author Notes:

Correspondence: Nour Beydoun, MD, 500 Irvin Court Suite 200, Decatur, GA 30030 (nbeydou@emory.edu)

Disclosures: All authors: no reported conflicts. All authors have submitted the ICMJE form for disclosure of potential conflicts of interests. Conflicts that the editors consider relevant to the content of the manuscript have been disclosed.

Subjects:

Research Funding:

The authors received no specific funding for this work.

This work was supported in part by the Stimulating Access to Research in Residency of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number R38AI140299.

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology
  • hardware
  • spinal infections
  • suppressive antibiotics
  • Surgical site infection
  • Clinical practice guidelines
  • Diseases society
  • Risk factors
  • Surgery
  • Diagnosis
  • American
  • Cohort

A Retrospective Chart Review on the Role of Suppressive Therapy in the Management of Spinal Infections Involving Hardware

Tools:

Journal Title:

Open Forum Infectious Diseases

Volume:

Volume 7, Number 7

Publisher:

, Pages ofaa253-ofaa253

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract:

Background One percent to 8% of patients undergoing spinal instrumentation surgeries develop infections. There is no consensus on the medical and surgical management of these infections. Methods We conducted a retrospective chart review based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, and Common Procedural Terminology codes relevant to spinal infections with hardware within Emory Healthcare over a 10-year period. Extracted data included patient demographics, clinical presentation, laboratory and microbiologic results, and surgical and medical management including choice and duration of suppressive therapy. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the association of length of use of suppressive antibiotics with treatment success and to identify predictors of use of suppressive antibiotics. Results Of 869 records, 124 met inclusion criteria. Fifty patients (40.3%) had an infection that occurred after hardware placement, mostly within 3 months postsurgery, while the remainder had vertebral osteomyelitis that required hardware placement. After initial intravenous antibiotic treatment for ≥4 weeks, 72 patients (64.5%) were given suppressive antibiotics. The overall treatment success rate was 78.2%. In spinal infections involving hardware with gram-negative rods, patients were less likely to receive suppressive antibiotics, less likely to have hardware removed, and less likely to have treatment success compared with patients with infections with Staphylococcus species. Conclusions Management of spinal infections involving hardware should be tailored to the timing of onset of infection and causative organism. Further studies are needed to determine best management practices, particularly for gram-negative rod infections where the role of further suppressive antibiotics and hardware removal may be warranted.

Copyright information:

© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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