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Author Notes:

Correspondence: Yousuf M. Khalifa, MD, Emory University School of Medicine, 49 Jesse Hill Jr Dr SE, Atlanta, GA 30303 (yousuf.khalifa@emoryhealthcare.org)

Author Contributions: Drs Micheletti and Khalifa had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Concept and design: Micheletti, Lockwood, Khalifa. Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors. Drafting of the manuscript: All authors.

Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors. Statistical analysis: Micheletti, Lockwood. Administrative, technical, or material support: Rali, Khalifa. Supervision: Lockwood, Khalifa.

Disclosures: None reported.

Subjects:

Research Funding:

None declared

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Ophthalmology

Motor Vehicle-Associated Traumatic Ocular Injuries Secondary to External Rear-Facing Sideview Mirrors: A Report of 3 Patients

Tools:

Journal Title:

JAMA Ophthalmology

Volume:

Volume 137, Number 9

Publisher:

, Pages 1067-1071

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract:

Importance Rear-facing sideview mirrors are a potentially reducible source of ocular morbidity following motor vehicle crashes. Objective To report cases highlighting shattered glass from sideview mirrors as a potential cause of ocular trauma in motor vehicle crashes. Design, Setting, and Participants Case series of 3 patients who presented to Grady Memorial Hospital, a level 1 trauma center and tertiary hospital, between May 5, 2017, and July 10, 2017, with ocular trauma as a result of shattered glass from sideview mirrors during motor vehicle crashes. A review of the literature was also conducted. Data were analyzed between July 2017 and August 2017. Interventions or Exposures Operation for exploration and repair of open globe in all 3 cases. Main Outcomes and Measures Visual prognosis and ocular morbidity postoperatively. Results All patients were white men in the age range of 26 to 43 years. This was a retrospective review of 3 of 208 patients who presented to Grady Memorial Hospital after motor vehicle crashes from May 5, 2017, to July 10, 2017. From the time of presentation of the 3 reported patients from Grady Memorial Hospital, all 3 had 2 surgeries inclusive of the initial open globe repair. Patients with this mechanism of injury experienced ocular morbidity, with all 3 cases resulting in uveal prolapse and 2 of 3 resulting in retinal detachments. Among the 3 patients, visual acuities after the second surgery within the first year were hand motion, 20/100, and 20/150. Conclusions and Relevance Sideview mirrors can be a cause of serious ocular injuries in motor vehicle crashes. These 3 reported cases, combined with cases previously reported, suggest that this mechanism of ocular injury does occur. Further studies seem warranted to investigate the frequency of these findings and whether any design modifications may help reduce the frequency.

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