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Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Multidisciplinary Sciences
  • Science & Technology - Other Topics
  • TEMOZOLOMIDE
  • PROCARBAZINE
  • VINCRISTINE
  • INHIBITION
  • MICROGLIA
  • REVEALS
  • GENE

Genomic copy number variation correlates with survival outcomes in WHO grade IV glioma

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Journal Title:

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS

Volume:

Volume 10, Number 1

Publisher:

, Pages 7355-7355

Type of Work:

Article

Abstract:

Allele-specific copy number analysis of tumors (ASCAT) assesses copy number variations (CNV) while accounting for aberrant cell fraction and tumor ploidy. We evaluated if ASCAT-assessed CNV are associated with survival outcomes in 56 patients with WHO grade IV gliomas. Tumor data analyzed by Affymetrix OncoScan FFPE Assay yielded the log ratio (R) and B-allele frequency (BAF). Input into ASCAT quantified CNV using the segmentation function to measure copy number inflection points throughout the genome. Quantified CNV was reported as log R and BAF segment counts. Results were confirmed on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) glioblastoma dataset. 25 (44.6%) patients had MGMT hyper-methylated tumors, 6 (10.7%) were IDH1 mutated. Median follow-up was 36.4 months. Higher log R segment counts were associate with longer progression-free survival (PFS) [hazard ratio (HR) 0.32, p < 0.001], and overall survival (OS) [HR 0.45, p = 0.01], and was an independent predictor of PFS and OS on multivariable analysis. Higher BAF segment counts were linked to longer PFS (HR 0.49, p = 0.022) and OS (HR 0.49, p = 0.052). In the TCGA confirmation cohort, longer 12-month OS was seen in patients with higher BAF segment counts (62.3% vs. 51.9%, p = 0.0129) and higher log R (63.6% vs. 55.2%, p = 0.0696). Genomic CNV may be a novel prognostic biomarker for WHO grade IV glioma patient outcomes.
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