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Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Oncology
  • PLHIV
  • cohort
  • mortality
  • cancer
  • ADM
  • NADM
  • ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY
  • INFECTED INDIVIDUALS
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • SURVIVAL
  • AIDS
  • TRENDS
  • COMBINATION
  • HIV/AIDS

Cause-specific mortality after diagnosis of cancer among HIV-positive patients: A collaborative analysis of cohort studies

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Journal Title:

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER

Volume:

Volume 146, Number 11

Publisher:

, Pages 3134-3146

Type of Work:

Article

Abstract:

People living with HIV (PLHIV) are more likely than the general population to develop AIDS-defining malignancies (ADMs) and several non-ADMs (NADMs). Information is lacking on survival outcomes and cause-specific mortality after cancer diagnosis among PLHIV. We investigated causes of death within 5 years of cancer diagnosis in PLHIV enrolled in European and North American HIV cohorts starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) 1996–2015, aged ≥16 years, and subsequently diagnosed with cancer. Cancers were grouped: ADMs, viral NADMs and nonviral NADMs. We calculated cause-specific mortality rates (MR) after diagnosis of specific cancers and compared 5-year survival with the UK and France general populations. Among 83,856 PLHIV there were 4,436 cancer diagnoses. Of 603 deaths after ADM diagnosis, 292 (48%) were due to an ADM. There were 467/847 (55%) and 74/189 (39%) deaths that were due to an NADM after nonviral and viral NADM diagnoses, respectively. MR were higher for diagnoses between 1996 and 2005 versus 2006–2015: ADMs 102 (95% CI 92–113) per 1,000 years versus 88 (78–100), viral NADMs 134 (106–169) versus 111 (93–133) and nonviral NADMs 264 (232–300) versus 226 (206–248). Estimated 5-year survival for PLHIV diagnosed with liver (29% [19–39%]), lung (18% [13–23%]) and cervical (75% [63–84%]) cancer was similar to general populations. Survival after Hodgkin's lymphoma diagnosis was lower in PLHIV (75% [67–81%]). Among ART-treated PLHIV diagnosed with cancer, MR and causes of death varied by cancer type, with mortality highest for liver and lung cancers. Deaths within 5 years of NADM diagnoses were more likely to be from cancer than AIDS.
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