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Author Notes:


The authors are deeply grateful to the frontline clinicians and leaders at the Emory University School of Medicine and Emory Healthcare who courageously and brilliantly care for those stricken with COVID-19 disease.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Research Funding:

This work did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.


  • COVID-19
  • surgery
  • personal protective equipment

In Situ Simulation Enables Operating Room Agility in the COVID-19 Pandemic.


Journal Title:

Annals of Surgery


Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review


As COVID-19 infections soar worldwide, surgical teams must quickly adapt to care for the COVID-19-positive patient in the operating room (OR). This challenge comes in the face of constant change in data and conditions, reliable evidence yet to emerge, shortages of personal protective equipment (PPE), uncertainty due to lack of testing equipment and capacity, and unprecedented strain on caregivers, hospital systems, and resources.

Copyright information:

© 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

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