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Author Notes:

Dr. Kathryn Yount, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30322, kyount@emory.edu.

We are grateful to Partners for Prevention and the International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh for making the data available for secondary analysis.

We also would like to thank Dr. Stefanie Mollborn; Dr. Joanne Belknap; Dr. Katherine A. Roof; Sheela S. Sinharoy; and Kathleen Krause for their comments on prior versions of this manuscript.


Research Funding:

The work was supported by a research grant from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver Institute for Child Health and Development (1 R03 HD081438-01A1 PI Kathryn Yount).


  • Social Sciences
  • Psychology, Clinical
  • Criminology & Penology
  • Family Studies
  • Psychology
  • child maltreatment
  • community gender norms
  • controlling behavior
  • intimate partner violence
  • domestic violence
  • HIV

Gender Norms, Violence in Childhood, and Men's Coercive Control in Marriage: A Multilevel Analysis of Young Men in Bangladesh


Journal Title:

Psychology of Violence


Volume 8, Number 5


, Pages 580-595

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review


Objective: Coercive control in marriage is common in patriarchal settings, but multilevel determinants are understudied. Method: Using a probability sample of 570 junior men (married, 18-34 years) from the Bangladesh survey of the 2011 UN Multi-Country Study of Men and Violence, we examined how exposure to violence in childhood and community-level gender norms were related to men's attitudes about gender equity and use of controlling behavior. We tested whether community-level gender norms moderated the relationship between men's exposure to violence in childhood and our outcomes. Results: According to results from multilevel Poisson regression models, as community gender norms become more equitable by one SD, a junior married man's expected rate of controlling behavior is lower by 0.11, and his rate of agreement with gender equitable attitudes is higher by 0.27. More gender-equitable community norms were negatively related to a junior married man's use of controlling behavior. Childhood exposure to violence was not associated with use of controlling behavior. There was a significant cross-level interaction such that exposure to violence had a stronger negative impact on men's gender equitable attitudes in communities with lower overall gender equity than those with higher overall gender equity. The corresponding cross-level interaction effect was not significant for the controlling behavior outcome. Conclusions: More equitable community gender norms may encourage more genderequitable attitudes and discourage use of controlling behavior among junior men, suggesting that interventions to change community gender norms may reduce coercive control of women in marriage.

Copyright information:

© 2017 American Psychological Association.

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