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Author Notes:

E-mail address: jeffrey.bedwell@ucf.edu

Conceived and designed the experiments: MC SG ET.

Performed the experiments: MC SG ET.

Analyzed the data: JB FJ. Wrote the paper: JB MC FJ AD SG ET.

The authors would like to thank Dr. Vidyulata Kamath and Ms. Kristin Weinschenk for assistance with the manuscript, and Dr. Dana Joseph for assistance with the SEM analyses.

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.


Research Funding:

The authors received no specific funding for this work.


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Empathy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Biological
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

Latent factor modeling of four schizotypy dimensions with theory of mind and empathy


Journal Title:



Volume 9, Number 11


, Pages e113853-e113853

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF


Preliminary evidence suggests that theory of mind and empathy relate differentially to factors of schizotypy. The current study assessed 686 undergraduate students and used structural equation modeling to examine links between a four-factor model of schizotypy with performance on measures of theory of mind (Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test [MIE]) and empathy (Interpersonal Reactivity Index [IRI]). Schizotypy was assessed using three self-report measures which were simultaneously entered into the model. Results revealed that the Negative factor of schizotypy showed a negative relationship with the Empathy factor, which was primarily driven by the Empathic Concern subscale of the IRI and the No Close Friends and Constricted Affect subscales of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire. These findings are consistent with a growing body of literature suggesting a relatively specific relationship between negative schizotypy and empathy, and are consistent with several previous studies that found no relationship between MIE performance and schizotypy.

Copyright information:

© 2014 Bedwell et al.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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