About this item:

641 Views | 27 Downloads

Author Notes:

Correspondence: Dana H. Z. Robinson, Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd, Rm 521, Atlanta, GA 30322; Email: dhrobin@emory.edu

Acknowledgments: We thank Rianot Amzat and Rhonda DeLaremore for their assistance with data collection and analysis.

Subjects:

Research Funding:

This research was supported by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (1R01DK079713-04).

Keywords:

  • organ donation
  • African American
  • theory of reasoned action
  • religion
  • trust

Testing the Utility of a Modified Organ Donation Model among African American Adults

Tools:

Journal Title:

Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Volume:

Volume 35, Number 3

Publisher:

, Pages 364-374

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review

Abstract:

African Americans are overrepresented on the organ transplant waiting list because they are disproportionately impacted by certain health conditions that potentially warrant a life-saving transplant. While the African American need for transplantation is considerably high, organ and tissue donation rates are comparatively low, resulting in African Americans spending more than twice the amount of time on the national transplant waiting list as compared to people of other racial/ethnic backgrounds. There are a multitude of factors that contribute to the reluctance expressed by African Americans with respect to organ donation. This study proposes the use of an adaptation of the Organ Donation Model to explore the ways in which knowledge, trust in the donation/allocation process, and religious beliefs impact African American donation decision making. Bivariate and path analyses demonstrated that alignment with religious beliefs was the greatest driving factor with respect to attitudes towards donation; attitudes were significantly associated with donation intentions; and knowledge is directly associated with intentions to serve as a potential deceased organ donor. The significance of these variables speaks to the importance of their inclusion in a model that focuses on the African American population and offers new direction for more effective donation education efforts.

Copyright information:

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Export to EndNote