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Author Notes:

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. Schwartz, Psychiatry, Grady Memorial Hospital, 80 Jesse Jill Jr. Dr., P.O. Box 26238, Atlanta, GA 30303. aschwa2@emory.edu


Research Funding:

This project was supported by a grant from the Emory Medical Care Foundation (Atlanta, GA).

Pain Medication Use Among Patients With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder


Journal Title:



Volume 47, Number 2


, Pages 136-142

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review


The relationship of analgesic medication use with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis was investigated among a sample of 173 African Americans presenting for routine outpatient visits at an urban mental health center. Seventy-eight (43.5%) of the sample met DSM-IV PTSD criteria. Those with PTSD had significantly higher use of analgesic medication (both opiate and non-opiate), as compared with non-PTSD patients. PTSD symptoms, as measured by the Posttraumatic Symptom Scale, were significantly higher in subjects who were prescribed analgesics. The authors conclude that there may be a relationship between PTSD and use of pain medications warranting further examination of the endogenous opiate system in the pathophysiology of PTSD.

Copyright information:

© 2006 The Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine

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