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Author Notes:

Karen Glanz kglanz@sph.emory.edu Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, NE, Atlanta, Georgia, 30322, USA

KG coordinated the manuscript.

MAS and KG participated in the design of the study and performed the data analysis.

KG and MAS conceived of the study, and participated in its design and coordination and helped to draft the manuscript.

DB completed literature review and drafted two major sections of the manuscript.

All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

The authors thank Peter Briss, Cornelia White, Phyllis Nichols, Debjani Das, and the Cancer Chapter team and consultants for their contributions to the Community Guide Evidence Review.

We thank Dave Werny and Else Henry for help with preparation of the manuscript.

However, based on the instructions, we have disclosed that Dr. Saraiya is employed at the CDC, which sponsored the work reported in this paper.

There is no conflict of interest related to financial interests for any of the authors.


Research Funding:

This work was supported in part by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and by a Georgia Cancer Coalition Distinguished Scholar Award to Karen Glanz.

The evidence review and this paper were supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, through the Office of the Guide for Community Preventive Services and the Division of Cancer Prevention and Control.

Reducing ultraviolet radiation exposure among outdoor workers: State of the evidence and recommendations


Journal Title:

Environmental Health


Volume 6, Number 22


Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF


Objective Outdoor workers have high levels of exposure to ultraviolet radiation and the associated increased risk of skin cancer. This paper describes a review of: 1) descriptive data about outdoor workers' sun exposure and protection and related knowledge, attitudes, and policies and 2) evidence about the effectiveness of skin cancer prevention interventions in outdoor workplaces. Data sources Systematic evidence-based review. Data synthesis We found variable preventive practices, with men more likely to wear hats and protective clothing and women more likely to use sunscreen. Few data document education and prevention policies. Conclusion Reports of interventions to promote sun-safe practices and environments provide encouraging results, but yield insufficient evidence to recommend current strategies as effective. Additional efforts should focus on increasing sun protection policies and education programs in workplaces and evaluating whether they improve the health behavior of outdoor workers.

Copyright information:

© 2007 Glanz et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/).

Creative Commons License

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