About this item:

24 Views | 5 Downloads

Author Notes:

Xiaorui Shi, Oregon Hearing Research Center, Oregon Health & Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, NRC04, Portland, OR 97239-3098, USA. shix@ohsu.edu.

The authors thank Professor Donald G. Puro, MD, PhD (at the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science Department of Physiology, Kellogg Eye Center, Ann Arbor, MI); and Dr. Brian Duling, PhD (at the Department of Molecular Physics and Biological Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VI) for their helpful comments on an earlier draft of this manuscript.

The authors also thank Jackie De-Gahne for assistance with the transmission electron microscope technique.

Subjects:

Research Funding:

This research was supported by NIH/NIDCD Grants R03 DC 008888-02 and R01 DC 00105, DC005983.

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Hematology
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease
  • Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
  • alpha-SMA
  • tropomyosin
  • desmin
  • connexin 40
  • NG2
  • cochlear pericyte
  • GUINEA-PIG COCHLEA
  • BLOOD-FLOW
  • ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS
  • MICROVASCULAR PERICYTES
  • RETINAL PERICYTES
  • CONNEXIN-43 EXPRESSION
  • CEREBRAL CAPILLARIES
  • GAP-JUNCTIONS
  • PDGF-B
  • RAT

The cochlear pericytes

Tools:

Journal Title:

Microcirculation

Volume:

Volume 15, Number 6

Publisher:

, Pages 515-529

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review

Abstract:

Objectives: Cochlear pericytes are not well characterized. The aim of this study was to further advance the characterization of cochlear pericyte location and distribution, with particular focus on pericyte-related proteins on the capillaries of the cochlear lateral wall that are functionally integral to structure, contraction, and gap junction transport. Materials and Methods: Cochlear pericytes were identified by the immunofluorescence labeling of pericyte marker proteins, including alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), desmin, Thy-1, tropomyosin, and NG2, and by morphological identification, using fluorescence, electron, and differential interference contrast microscopy. Results: Pericytes were predominately found in the capillary network of the cochlear lateral wall, with considerable morphological heterogeneity across different types of microvessels. For example, pericytes on the vessels of the spiral ligament (V/SL) strongly expressed a gap junction protein, connexin 40, and were positive for α-SMA, tropomyosin, and desmin. In contrast, pericytes on the vessels of the stria vascularis (V/SV) were positive for desmin, and were negative for α-SMA and tropomyosin. Conclusions: The capillary networks of the cochlear lateral wall comprise a rich population of pericytes. These pericytes are morphologically heterogeneous, with protein expression potentially indicative of function.

Copyright information:

Copyright © 1999-2019 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved

Export to EndNote