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Author Notes:

Corresponding author, Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Rd, NE, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA, kyount@emory.edu.

KY generated the idea for the study, guided the data analysis, and drafted most of the paper.

LJH implemented the data analysis, drafted parts of the paper, and edited the paper for critical content.

YFC provided technical expertise on the data analysis, performed parts of the analysis, drafted part of the paper, and edited the paper for critical content.

RTN commented on drafts of the paper.

We thank the International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh for making the data available for secondary analysis.

The data and findings presented in this article are original.


Research Funding:

A research grant from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver Institute for Child Health and Development (1 R03 HD081438-01A1 PI Kathryn Yount) supported this work.

The United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA GR-00799) supported the original data collection.


  • Social Sciences
  • Psychology, Social
  • Psychology
  • Bangladesh
  • child maltreatment
  • gender norms
  • men's perpetration
  • multilevel analysis

Men's Perpetration of Partner Violence in Bangladesh: Community Gender Norms and Violence in Childhood


Journal Title:

Psychology of Men and Masculinity


Volume 19, Number 1


, Pages 117-130

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review


Men's perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) is common, but its multilevel determinants are understudied. We leveraged novel data from a probability sample of married junior men (N = 570; age 18 to 34 years) from 50 urban and 62 rural communities who took part in the Bangladesh survey of the 2011 UN Multi-Country Study of Men and Violence. We tested whether lifetime count (or scope) of physical IPV acts perpetrated was negatively associated with more equitable community gender norms among married senior men (N = 938; age 35 to 49 years) and positively associated with greater exposure to childhood violence among junior men. We also tested whether more equitable community gender norms mitigated the association of more violence in childhood with the lifetime scope of physical IPV acts perpetrated. Among younger married men, 50% reportedly ever perpetrated physical IPV, the mean lifetime scope of physical IPV types perpetrated was 1.1 (SD 1.3) out of 5 listed. A majority (64%) reported childhood exposure to violence. In multilevel Poisson models, a man with more childhood exposure to violence had a higher log scope (estimate: 0.31, SE 0.04, p < .001), and a man living amid the most equitable gender norms had a lower log scope (estimate:-0.61, SE 0.17, p < .01) of physical IPV acts perpetrated; however, no significant cross-level interaction was observed. Interventions that address the trauma of childhood violence and that promote more equitable community gender norms may be needed to mitigate IPV perpetration by younger men.

Copyright information:

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

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