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Author Notes:

Correspondence to: Holly C. Gooding, MD, MSc, Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115. E‐mail: holly.gooding@childrens.harvard.edu

Acknowledgments: The authors thank Karen Robb of the AHA for preparation of and technical assistance with the AHA Women's Heart Study data, and Arianna Hernandez and Sophie Allende for assistance with participant recruitment.

Disclosures: None



  • cardiovascular disease prevention
  • cardiovascular disease risk factors
  • primary prevention
  • women
  • young

Will Teens Go Red? Low Cardiovascular Disease Awareness Among Young Women


Journal Title:

Journal of the American Heart Association


Volume 8, Number 6


, Pages e011195-e011195

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF


Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley. Background: The American Heart Association Go Red for Women campaign has improved awareness of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among adult women aged 25 years and older. Little is known about awareness among younger women. Methods and Results: We assessed awareness of CVD and prevention efforts among 331 young women aged 15 to 24 years using the American Heart Association National Women's Health Study survey. We compared responses from this cohort to the 2012 American Heart Association online survey of 1227 women aged 25 years and older. Only 33 (10.0%) young women correctly identified CVD as the leading cause of death in women. This was significantly lower than awareness among all adult women in 2012 (785 [64.0%]) and among women aged 25 to 34 years (90 of 168 [53.6%]) (P<0.01 for both). Many young women in the current study (144 [43.5%]) said they were not at all informed about CVD; most worried little (130 [39.2%]) or not at all (126 [38%]) about CVD. Young women did report engaging in behaviors known to reduce risk of CVD, although not considering oneself at risk was cited as the number one barrier to engaging in prevention behaviors. Conclusions: Young women are largely unaware of CVD as the leading cause of death for women. Given that most young women are not worried about CVD and their 10-year risk for CVD events is low, campaigns to promote heart-healthy behaviors among younger women should underscore the benefits of these preventive behaviors to current health in addition to reductions in lifetime risk of CVD.

Copyright information:

© 2019 The Authors.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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