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Author Notes:

Address for Correspondence: Michelle D. Lall, MD, MHS, Emory University School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, 49 Jesse Hill Jr. Drive SE, Atlanta, GA 30303. Email: michelle.d.lall@emory.edu.

There are no conflicts of interest or sources of funding to declare.



  • Physician Burnout
  • well-being
  • negative states
  • distress
  • assessment tools
  • coping skills

Assessment of Physician Well-being, Part One: Burnout and Other Negative States


Journal Title:

Western Journal of Emergency Medicine


Volume 20, Number 2


, Pages 278-290

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF


Physician well-being is a complex and multifactorial issue. A large number of tools have been developed in an attempt to measure the nature, severity, and impact of both burnout and well-being in a range of clinical populations. This two-article series provides a review of relevant tools and offers guidance to clinical mentors and researchers in choosing the appropriate instrument to suit their needs, whether assessing mentees or testing interventions in the research setting. Part One begins with a discussion of burnout and focuses on assessment tools to measure burnout and other negative states. Part Two of the series examines the assessment of well-being, coping skills, and other positive states.

Copyright information:

© 2019 Lall et al.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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