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Author Notes:

The authors gratefully acknowledge the cooperation and support of Florida International University and the research assistants working with Dr. Dionne P. Stephens in the Health Disparities and Cultural Identities lab in Miami, Florida.



  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Health Services
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nursing Assessment
  • Papillomavirus Infections
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vaccination

The student human papillomavirus survey: Nurse-led instrument development and psychometric testing to increase human papillomavirus vaccine series completion in young adults


Journal Title:

Journal of Nursing Measurement


Volume 24, Number 2


, Pages 226-244

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review


Background and Purpose: The Student Human Papillomavirus Survey (SHPVS) was developed to examine students' perceived benefits or barriers to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. Methods: Survey development included (a) 2-phase integrative literature reviews; (b) draft of survey items based on the literature; (c) critique of survey items by young adults, nursing and psychology faculty, and health care providers; and (d) pilot testing. The psychometric properties of the SHPVS were evaluated using classical item analysis and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) among a sample of 527 university students' ages 18-24 years. Results: The estimated Cronbach's alpha for the SHPVS is .74. Conclusions: The SHPVS is a measure of young adults HPV perceived vulnerability, perceived severity, perceived barriers, and perceived benefits of HPV vaccination.

Copyright information:

© 2016 Springer Publishing Company.

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