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Author Notes:

Correspondence to: Abhinav Goyal, MD, MHS, FAHA, FACC, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, 1462 Clifton Rd, NE, Suite 531, Mailstop 1370-001-1AW, Atlanta, GA 30322. E-mail: abhinav.goyal@emory.edu

Disclosures: None.

Subjects:

Research Funding:

This initiative was supported by internal funds at the Emory Clinic, Atlanta, GA.

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems
  • Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
  • coronary artery disease
  • electronic health records
  • guideline
  • performance measure
  • statin
  • LIPID-LOWERING THERAPY
  • QUALITY-OF-CARE
  • MEANINGFUL USE
  • FEASIBILITY
  • CHOLESTEROL
  • IMPROVEMENT
  • GUIDELINES
  • INSIGHTS
  • ADULTS

Errors in Electronic Health Record-Based Data Query of Statin Prescriptions in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease in a Large, Academic, Multispecialty Clinic Practice

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Journal Title:

Journal of the American Heart Association

Volume:

Volume 7, Number 8

Publisher:

, Pages e007762-e007762

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract:

Background--With the recent implementation of the Medicare Quality Payment Program, providers face increasing accountability for delivering high-quality care. Such pay-for-performance programs aim to leverage systematic data captured by electronic health record (EHR) systems to measure performance; however, the fidelity of EHR query for assessing performance has not been validated compared with manual chart review. We sought to determine whether our institution's methodology of EHR query could accurately identify cases in which providers failed to prescribe statins for eligible patients with coronary artery disease. Methods and Results--A total of 9459 patients with coronary artery disease were seen at least twice at the Emory Clinic between July 2014 and June 2015, of whom 1338 (14.1%, 95% confidence interval 13.5-14.9%) had no statin prescription or exemption per EHR query. A total of 120 patient cases were randomly selected and reviewed by 2 physicians for further adjudication. Of the 120 cases initially classified as statin prescription failures, only 21 (17.5%; 95% confidence interval, 11.7-25.3%) represented true failure following physician review. Conclusions--Sole reliance on EHR data query to measure quality metrics may lead to significant errors in assessing provider performance. Institutions should be cognizant of these potential sources of error, provide support to medical providers, and form collaborative data management teams to promote and improve meaningful use of EHRs. We propose actionable steps to improve the accuracy of EHR data query that require hypothesis testing and prospective validation in future studies.

Copyright information:

© 2018 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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