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Author Notes:

B.V. Venkataram Prasad, Phone: 713-798-5686, Email: ude.cmt.mcb@dasarpv.

L.H. carried out expression, purification, crystallization, diffraction data collection and structure determination.

L.H., S.E.C., R.C. and N.W.C.-P. contributed to virus infectivity assays in HT29, CHO cells and haemagglutination assays and data analyses.

D.F.S. contributed to glycan array experiments and analysis.

J.L.P. provided parental and genetically modified CHO cells and advice.

M.K.E. provided supervision and advice on cell infectivity assays and analysis.

L.H. and B.V.V.P. analysed and interpreted the structural data.

B.V.V.P. contributed to the overall direction of the project and wrote the manuscript with input from other authors.

We thank R. Atmar and S. Shanker for helpful discussions and BCM X-ray core facility for data collection.

The authors declare no competing financial interests.


Research Funding:

We acknowledge the support from NIH grants AI36040 (to B.V.V.P.), AI 080656 and P30 DK56338 (to M.K.E.), GM62116 (to the Consortium for Functional Glycomics), and the Robert Welch foundation (Q1279) to B.V.V.P.


  • Science & Technology
  • Multidisciplinary Sciences
  • Science & Technology - Other Topics

Cell attachment protein VP8* of a human rotavirus specifically interacts with A-type histo-blood group antigen


Journal Title:



Volume 485, Number 7397


, Pages 256-U147

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review


As with many other viruses, the initial cell attachment of rotaviruses, which are the major causative agent of infantile gastroenteritis, is mediated by interactions with specific cellular glycans. The distally located VP8* domain of the rotavirus spike protein VP4 (ref. 5) mediates such interactions. The existing paradigm is that 'sialidase-sensitive' animal rotavirus strains bind to glycans with terminal sialic acid (Sia), whereas 'sialidase-insensitive' human rotavirus strains bind to glycans with internal Sia such as GM1 (ref. 3). Although the involvement of Sia in the animal strains is firmly supported by crystallographic studies, it is not yet known how VP8* of human rotaviruses interacts with Sia and whether their cell attachment necessarily involves sialoglycans. Here we show that VP8* of a human rotavirus strain specifically recognizes A-type histo-blood group antigen (HBGA) using a glycan array screen comprised of 511 glycans, and that virus infectivity in HT-29 cells is abrogated by anti-A-type antibodies as well as significantly enhanced in Chinese hamster ovary cells genetically modified to express the A-type HBGA, providing a novel paradigm for initial cell attachment of human rotavirus. HBGAs are genetically determined glycoconjugates present in mucosal secretions, epithelia and on red blood cells, and are recognized as susceptibility and cell attachment factors for gastric pathogens like Helicobacter pylori and noroviruses. Our crystallographic studies show that the A-type HBGA binds to the human rotavirus VP8* at the same location as the Sia in the VP8* of animal rotavirus, and suggest how subtle changes within the same structural framework allow for such receptor switching. These results raise the possibility that host susceptibility to specific human rotavirus strains and pathogenesis are influenced by genetically controlled expression of different HBGAs among the world's population.

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©2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved

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