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Author Notes:

Address correspondence to Joshua R. Shak, Emory University School of Medicine, 1648 Pierce Drive, Room 374, Atlanta, GA 30322. E-mail: jshak@emory.edu

We are grateful to the students and faculty of Emory Medishare for assistance in data collection, Sameer Kapadia for assistance with data entry, two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments, and the staff of Project Medishare for their tireless dedication.

We thank Quidel Corporation for donating QuickVue Rapid Whole Blood Antibody Tests for use in this study; Quidel had no role in design of the study, interpretation of the data, preparation of the manuscript, or decision to publish.

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Research Funding:

This work was supported in part by National Institutes of Health Grant T32GM08169 (J.R.S. and R.A.S.).

Anemia and Helicobacter pylori Seroreactivity in a Rural Haitian Population

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Journal Title:

American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Volume:

Volume 85, Number 5

Publisher:

, Pages 913-918

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract:

Anemia is a significant health concern worldwide and can be the result of nutritional, environmental, social, and infectious etiologies. We estimated the prevalence of anemia in 336 pre-school children and 132 adults in the rural Central Plateau of Haiti and assessed associations with age, sex, household size, water source, sanitation, and Helicobacter pylori seroreactivity using logistic regression analysis; 80.1% (269/336) of children and 63.6% (84/132) of adults were anemic. Among children, younger age was associated with increased prevalence of anemia (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 4.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.5–11.1 for children 6–11 months compared with children 48–59 months). Among adults, 50.8% were H. pylori-seropositive, and seropositivity was inversely associated with anemia (aOR = 0.4, 95% CI = 0.2–0.9). Anemia prevalence in this region of Haiti is very high and not attributable to sanitary conditions or a high prevalence of H. pylori infection.

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©The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

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