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Author Notes:

Address for Correspondence: Jerzy P. Szaflarski, MD, PhD, UAB Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 312 Civitan International Research Center, 1719 6th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35242-0021, Phone: 205.934.3866, jszaflarski@uabmc.edu.

Subjects:

Research Funding:

This study was funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stroke (1R01NS080898-01; PI: Pisu).

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Behavioral Sciences
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry
  • Neurosciences & Neurology
  • Race
  • Ethnicity
  • Quality of care
  • Guidelines
  • Treatment delays
  • Seizure
  • Epilepsy
  • ANTIEPILEPTIC DRUGS
  • CARE
  • HEALTH
  • NONADHERENCE
  • ADULTS
  • DISPARITIES
  • IMPROVEMENT
  • MEDICATION
  • ADHERENCE
  • NEUROLOGY

Quality Indicator for Epilepsy Treatment 15 (QUIET-15): Intervening after recurrent seizures in the elderly

Tools:

Journal Title:

Epilepsy and Behavior

Volume:

Volume 70, Number Pt A

Publisher:

, Pages 253-258

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review

Abstract:

In this study, we examined the provision of care to older adults with e pilepsy and compliance with the “Quality Indicator for Epilepsy Treatment 15” (QUIET-15) measure. We analyzed 2008–2010, 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries augmented with data from all beneficiaries who identified as a minority with claims related to seizures (780.3x) or epilepsy (345.xx). Of 36,912 identified epilepsy cases, 12.6% had ≥ 1 emergency room (ER) visit for seizure(s). For those who presented to ER, among those taking anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs), AED was changed in 15.4%, dose adjusted in 19.7%, and stopped in 14.9%; among those not taking AED, therapy was initiated in 68.5%. In adjusted logistic regressions, African–Americans were more likely to have recurrent seizures than Whites (OR 1.41, 95%CI 1.27–1.56), while Asians were less likely to have recurrent seizures (OR 0.71, 95%CI 0.57–0.89). There were no significant racial/ethnic differences in the likelihood of a post-seizure intervention. The chance of seizure recurrence leading to ER visit decreased with age and increased with the number of comorbidities. Patients with seizure recurrence were more likely to be taking an enzyme-inducing AED (OR 1.69, 95%CI 1.57–1.82) and receiving Part D Low Income Subsidy (OR 1.36, 95%CI 1.22–1.51). The probability of AED change after a seizure was higher for patients with ≥ 4 comorbidities (OR 1.69, 95%CI 1.25–2.27), patients who saw a neurologist (OR 1.49, 95%CI 1.30–1.70), and patients who were taking an enzyme-inducing AED (OR 1.47, 95%CI 1.27–1.71). Overall, a minority of Medicare beneficiaries experienced seizure recurrence that resulted in an ER visit. However, only half of them received treatment concordant with QUIET-15. Though racial differences were observed in occurrence of seizures, none were noted in the provision of care.

Copyright information:

© 2017 Elsevier Inc.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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