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Author Notes:

Address for correspondence: Robert H. Gilman, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St., Baltimore, MD 21205, USA; fax: 410-550-6733; e-mail: rgilman@jhsph.edu.

We thank R. Black, D. Berg, and K. Laserson for helpful comments and J.B. Phu and D. Sara for their assistance.


Research Funding:

This study was supported in part by NIH grant number U01-AI35894-03, World AIDS Federation grant number 94.093, Fogarty, FIRCA TW00611 and ITREID and the anonymous RG-ER fund.


  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

Hospital control and multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis in female patients, Lima, Peru


Journal Title:

Emerging Infectious Disease


Volume 7, Number 1


, Pages 123-127

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF


We examined the prevalence of tuberculosis (TB), rate of multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB, and characteristics of TB on a female general medicine ward in Peru. Of 250 patients, 40 (16%) were positive by sputum culture and 27 (11%) by smear, and 8 (3%) had MDRTB. Thirteen (33%) of 40 culture-positive patients had not been suspected of having TB on admission. Six (46%) of 13 patients whose TB was unsuspected on admission had MDRTB, compared with 2 (7%) of 27 suspected cases (p = 0.009). Five (63%) of 8 MDRTB patients were smear positive and therefore highly infective. In developing countries, hospital control, a simple method of reducing the spread of MDRTB, is neglected.

Copyright information:

Articles from Emerging Infectious Diseases are provided here courtesy of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Universal : Public Domain Dedication License (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/).

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