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Author Notes:

Corresponding author. 4770 Buford Highway, Northeast, MS-F59, Atlanta, GA 30341-3717. ZKAZZI@emory.edu

The authors acknowledge the following individuals for their contributions to this paper: Dr Adam Pomerleau and Mr Paul Charp, from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Disclosure Statement: No financial support was provided to any author in relationship to this article.

No author declares a conflict of financial interest in relationship to this article.

CDC disclosure statement: “The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.”

Subjects:

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Radioactive terrorism
  • Contamination
  • Radioactive elements
  • Radiation dosage
  • Chelation therapy
  • UNITED-STATES
  • GOIANIA
  • RESIDENTS
  • ACCIDENT
  • INCIDENT

Emergency Department Management of Patients Internally Contaminated with Radioactive Material

Tools:

Journal Title:

Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America

Volume:

Volume 33, Number 1

Publisher:

, Pages 179-+

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review

Abstract:

After a radiation emergency that involves the dispersal of radioactive material, patients can become externally and internally contaminated with 1 or more radionuclides. Internal contamination can lead to the delivery of harmful ionizing radiation doses to various organs and tissues or the whole body. The clinical consequences can range from acute radiation syndrome to the long-term development of cancer. Estimating the amount of radioactive material absorbed into the body can guide the management of patients. Treatment includes, in addition to supportive care and long term monitoring, certain medical countermeasures like Prussian blue, calcium diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) and zinc DTPA.

Copyright information:

© 2015 Elsevier Inc.

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