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Author Notes:

Corresponding Author: Demetrius A. Abshire, Washington State University College of Nursing, P.O. Box 1495, Spokane, WA 99210-1495, USA. Email: demetrius.abshire@wsu.edu

Conflict of Interest: The Authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Subjects:

Research Funding:

This work was supported by the American Nurses Foundation; American Heart Association (0830104N); the University of Kentucky General Clinical Research Center (M01 RR002602); and the National Institute of Nursing Research (R01 NR009280 and P20 NR010679).

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Nursing
  • obesity
  • sarcopenia
  • bone mineral density
  • heart failure
  • FRACTURE RISK
  • OLDER MEN
  • FAT MASS
  • LOOP DIURETICS
  • MUSCLE MASS
  • LEAN MASS
  • WOMEN
  • OSTEOPOROSIS
  • ASSOCIATION
  • ESTROGEN

Body Composition and Bone Mineral Density in Patients With Heart Failure

Tools:

Journal Title:

Western Journal of Nursing Research

Volume:

Volume 39, Number 4

Publisher:

, Pages 582-599

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to examine associations among bone mineral density, osteopenia/osteoporosis, body mass index (BMI), and body composition in patients with heart failure (HF). A total of 119 patients (age = 61 ± 12 years, 65% male) underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans to determine bone mineral density and body composition. In multivariable linear regressions, BMI, relative skeletal muscle index (RSMI), and mineral-free lean mass were positively associated with total body bone mineral density. Mineral-free lean mass was most strongly associated with bone mineral density (β =.398). In multivariable logistic regressions, higher BMI, RSMI, and mineral-free lean mass were associated with lower odds for osteopenia/osteoporosis. Fat mass was not associated with total body bone mineral density or osteopenia/osteoporosis. These results suggest that muscle mass may be the important component of body mass associated with bone mineral density in patients with HF.

Copyright information:

© The Author(s) 2016.

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