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Author Notes:

Correspondence: Paul S. Garcia pgarcia@emory.edu

Edited by: Mikhail Lebedev, Duke University, United States

Reviewed by: Satoshi Hagihira, Osaka University, Japan; D. Caroline Blanchard, University of Hawaii at Manoa, United States; Gary N. Garcia-Molina, Philips Research North America, United States; Sérgio Arthuro Mota-Rolim, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

All authors (PG, DR, SF) contributed equally to the intellectual content, writing of the manuscript, and the editing of the final version.

The authors wish to thank all of the researchers that participated in the ACCESS (Anesthesiologists focused on Cognition, Emergence, Sleep, and Sedation) Group collaborative meetings (www.accesshq.org).

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.


Research Funding:

This work was supported in part by the James S. MacDonnell Foundation (award number 220020346), the NIH (grant number R01NS100106) and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (award number BX001677).


  • anesthesia
  • cognition
  • consciousness
  • emergence
  • sleep

Waking Up to a New Model for Studying Neural Systems: What Emergence from Unconscious States Can Reveal about Brain Organization.


Journal Title:

Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience


Volume 11


, Pages 78-78

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Copyright information:

© 2017 Garcia, Rothman and Fitzpatrick

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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