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Author Notes:

Corresponding Author: Boston College, School of Nursing, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, (617) 552-2119, stampk@bc.edu

We acknowledge Judy Robinson, RN, MSN, Kendaly Meadows, RN, MA, Bridget Fielder, RN, MSN and Christina Quinn, RN, PhD for their outstanding contributions to this project.

The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

There are no disclosures or conflicts of interests.


Research Funding:

This study was supported by (1) A Family Partnership Intervention for Heart Failure”, (RO1 R08800) National Institute of Nursing Research, NIH 07/01/04-11/30/09, PI: S. Dunbar and in part by PHS Grant M01 RR0039 from the General Clinical Research Center program, National Institutes of Health, National Center for Research Resources and PHS Grant UL1 RR025008 from the Clinical and Translational Science Award program, National Institutes of Health, National Center for Research Resources, and the Atlanta Veterans Administration Medical Center.


  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems
  • Nursing
  • Respiratory System
  • Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
  • Heart failure
  • Family functioning
  • Dietary sodium
  • Adherence
  • Self-care

Family partnership and education interventions to reduce dietary sodium by patients with heart failure differ by family functioning


Journal Title:

Heart and Lung


Volume 45, Number 4


, Pages 311-318

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review


Objectives Determine if family functioning influences response to family-focused interventions aimed at reducing dietary sodium by heart failure (HF) patients. Background Lowering dietary sodium by HF patients often occurs within the home and family context. Methods Secondary analysis of 117 dyads randomized to patient and family education (PFE), family partnership intervention (FPI) or usual care (UC). Dietary sodium measures were obtained from 3-day food record and 24-hour urine samples. Results In the poor family functioning groups, FPI and PFE had lower mean urine sodium than UC (p<.05) at 4 months, and FPI remained lower than UC at 8 months (p<.05). For good family functioning groups, FPI and PFE had lower mean sodium levels by 3-day food record at 4 and 8 months. Conclusion Optimizing family-focused interventions into HF clinical care maybe indicated.

Copyright information:

© 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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