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Author Notes:

Corresponding Author: Elisabetta Renzoni Email: e.renzoni@imperial.ac.uk

The authors declare that they have no disclosures.

Subjects:

Pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: review of recent findings

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Journal Title:

F1000prime reports

Volume:

Volume 6

Publisher:

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract:

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is likely to result from the interaction between environmental exposures, including cigarette smoke, and genetic predisposition. This review focuses on clues provided by recent genetic association studies and other selected data and hypotheses. In IPF, association with surfactant mutations has highlighted the importance of type II epithelial cells, while shortened telomeres in some patients suggest that accelerated aging may play a role in the pathogenesis of lung fibrosis, possibly by affecting the renewal/differentiation potential of epithelial cells. The finding that a common variant in mucin 5B predisposes individuals to both familial and sporadic IPF suggests a hitherto under-investigated role of bronchiolar cells and mucins. Although the pathogenetic link between mucins and lung fibrosis is not known, it is possible that MUC5B overexpression interferes with physiological mucosal host defense, with reduced clearance of micro-organisms or inorganic noxious agents, or induction of endoplasmic reticulum stress. Other components of innate and adaptive immunity are likely to be involved in IPF pathogenesis/progression. Finally, the importance of the clotting cascade in IPF pathogenesis has been confirmed by a recent epidemiological study, in which patients with IPF were almost five times more likely than general population controls to have at least one inherited or acquired clotting defect.

Copyright information:

© 2014 Faculty of 1000 Ltd

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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