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Author Notes:

E-mail: vodero_marah@cau.edu

Conceived and designed the experiments: BNS VOM.

Performed the experiments: BNS LJB DR VH DJM PN CY MZ.

Analyzed the data: VOM BAS BNS.

Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LWKC LTS.

Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: BNS VOM.

Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Subjects:

Research Funding:

This study was supported by NIH grants P20MD002285-01 (VOM) and G12RR003062-22.

The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health or the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Multidisciplinary Sciences
  • Science & Technology - Other Topics
  • PROSTATE-CANCER
  • TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS
  • EXPRESSION
  • PHOSPHORYLATION
  • PATHWAY
  • RESISTANCE
  • MAPK
  • LOCALIZATION
  • PROGRESSION
  • INHIBITOR

Snail Promotes Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition in Breast Cancer Cells in Part via Activation of Nuclear ERK2

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Journal Title:

PLoS ONE

Volume:

Volume 9, Number 8

Publisher:

, Pages e104987-e104987

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract:

Snail transcription factor is up-regulated in several cancers and associated with increased tumor migration and invasion via induction of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). MAPK (ERK1/2) signaling regulates cellular processes including cell motility, adhesion, and invasion. We investigated the regulation of ERK1/2 by Snail in breast cancer cells. ERK1/2 activity (p-ERK) was higher in breast cancer patient tissue as compared to normal tissue. Snail and p-ERK were increased in several breast cancer cell lines as compared to normal mammary epithelial cells. Snail knockdown in MDA-MB-231 and T47-D breast cancer cells decreased or re-localized p-ERK from the nuclear compartment to the cytoplasm. Snail overexpression in MCF-7 breast cancer cells induced EMT, increased cell migration, decreased cell adhesion and also increased tumorigenicity. Snail induced nuclear translocation of p-ERK, and the activation of its subcellular downstream effector, Elk-1. Inhibiting MAPK activity with UO126 or knockdown of ERK2 isoform with siRNA in MCF-7 Snail cells reverted EMT induced by Snail as shown by decreased Snail and vimentin expression, decreased cell migration and increased cell adhesion. Overall, our data suggest that ERK2 isoform activation by Snail in aggressive breast cancer cells leads to EMT associated with increased cell migration and decreased cell adhesion. This regulation is enhanced by positive feedback regulation of Snail by ERK2. Therefore, therapeutic targeting of ERK2 isoform may be beneficial for breast cancer. © 2014 Smith et al.

Copyright information:

© 2014 Smith et al.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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