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Author Notes:

Correspondence: email: hang.lu@gatech.edu

Luye He and Ariel Kniss contributed equally to this work.

We also thank Loice Chingozha, Mei Zhan, Maggie Phillips Gran, Linda Kipper and other members of the Kemp and Lu labs for advice and help along this project.


Research Funding:

The authors acknowledge the funding from NIH R01AI088023 to H.L. and M.L.K. and NSF Graduate Research Fellowship to A.K.

A.K. is also supported by NIH Training Grant T32GM105490 and P.E.O. Scholar Award.


  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Physical Sciences
  • Biochemical Research Methods
  • Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
  • Nanoscience & Nanotechnology
  • Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Science & Technology - Other Topics

An automated programmable platform enabling multiplex dynamic stimuli delivery and cellular response monitoring for high-throughput suspension single-cell signaling studies


Journal Title:

Lab on a Chip


Volume 15, Number 6


, Pages 1497-1507

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF


Cell signaling events are orchestrated by dynamic external biochemical cues. By rapidly perturbing cells with dynamic inputs and examining the output from these systems, one could study the structure and dynamic properties of a cellular signaling network. Conventional experimental techniques limit the implementation of these systematic approaches due to the lack of sophistication in manipulating individual cells and the fluid microenvironment around them; existing microfluidic technologies thus far are mainly targeting adherent cells. In this paper we present an automated platform to interrogate suspension cells with dynamic stimuli while simultaneously monitoring cellular responses in a high-throughput manner at single-cell resolution. We demonstrate the use of this platform in an experiment to measure Jurkat T cells in response to distinct dynamic patterns of stimuli; we find cells exhibit highly heterogeneous responses under each stimulation condition. More interestingly, these cells act as low-pass filters, only entrained to the low frequency stimulus signals. We also demonstrate that this platform can be easily programmed to actively generate arbitrary dynamic signals. We envision our platform to be useful in other contexts to study cellular signaling dynamics, which may be difficult using conventional experimental methods.

Copyright information:

© 2015 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/).

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