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Author Notes:

Corresponding author: Brett Arthur Freedman Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, Landstuhl, Germany CMR 402, PO 1503, APO, AE 09180, USA Tel: +1-706-207-9599, Fax: +1-706-207-9599, E-mail: brettfreedman@yahoo.com

We would like to specifically acknowledge Ms. Martha Mars (Landstuhl Regional Medical Center) for her diligent support of this work.

No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.



  • Cervical cord
  • Cervicle vertebrae
  • Spinal cord compression
  • Spinal cord diseae
  • Spinal stenosis

A comparison of computed tomography measures for diagnosing cervical spinal stenosis associated with myelopathy: A case-control study


Journal Title:

Asian Spine Journal


Volume 9, Number 1


, Pages 22-29

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF


Study Design: Retrospective comparative study. Purpose: To assess differences in computed tomography (CT) imaging parameters between patients with cervical myelopathy and controls. Overview of Literature: There is a lack of information regarding the best predictor of symptomatic stenosis based on osseous canal dimensions. We postulate that smaller osseous canal dimensions increase the risk of symptomatic central stenosis. Methods: CT images and medical records of patients with cervical myelopathy (19 patients, 8 males; average age, 64.4±13.4 years) and controls (18 patients, 14 males; average age, 60.4±11.0 years) were collected. A new measure called the laminar roof pitch angle (=angle between the lamina) was conducted along with linear measures, ratios and surrogates of canal perimeter and area at each level C2-C7 (222 levels). Receiver-operator curves were used to assess the diagnostic value of each. Rater reliability was assessed for the measures. Results: The medial-lateral (ML) diameter (at mid-pedicle level) and calculated canal area (=anterior-posterior.×ML diameters) were the most accurate and highly reliable. ML diameter below 23.5 mm and calculated canal area below 300 mm2 generated 82% to 84% sensitivity and 67% to 68% sensitivity. No significant correlations were identified between age, height, weight, body mass in dex and gender for each of the CT measures. Conclusions: CT measures including ML dimensions were most predictive. This study is the first to identify an important role for the ML dimension in cases of slowly progressive compressive myelopathy. A ML reserve may be protective when the canal is progressively compromised in the anterior-posterior dimension.

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© 2015 by Korean Society of Spine Surgery.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/).

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