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Author Notes:

Correspondence Address: Chia Yi Kuan alex.kuan@emory.edu Department of Pediatrics, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Division of Neurology, and the Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (CND), The Emory University School of Medicine, GA USA

We thank all collaborators who contributed to our research papers upon which the present commentary is based.

Subjects:

Research Funding:

This study was supported by the NIH grant NS084744 to YK.

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Cell Biology
  • Neurosciences
  • Neurosciences & Neurology
  • ACUTE ISCHEMIC-STROKE
  • RECANALIZATION
  • EDARAVONE
  • TRIALS

Towards reperfusion-centric preclinical stroke research: outside the box of "reperfusion injury"

Tools:

Journal Title:

Neural Regeneration Research

Volume:

Volume 10, Number 4

Publisher:

, Pages 534-536

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract:

Stroke is a major health issue of increasing significance for any society with an aging population. Globally, stroke is the second-leading cause of death with approximately 5.9 million fatal events in 2010, equivalent to 11.1% of all deaths. Yet, despite years of preclinical research on neuroprotection and a multitude of clinical trials, tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)-mediated recanalization remains the mainstay of acute ischemic stroke therapy, whereas tPA thrombolysis rarely provides benefits in the mechanical occlusion-based stroke models. This split between the bench and bedside raised the concern over the clinical applicability of neuroprotection in acute ischemic stroke. In this perspective commentary, we call for attention to the differences between mechanical-occlusion and thromboembolic stroke models in cerebral hemodynamics ([Figure 1]A, B), the implications of these differences in view of progressive pathobiology of ischemic stroke ([Figure 1]C), and the need and strategies towards reperfusion-centric preclinical stroke research.

Copyright information:

© Neural Regeneration Research

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/).

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