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Author Notes:

Email Address :sslim@emory.edu

The authors wish to acknowledge and thank the following people: Gaobin Bao, MPH for significant contributions in data management and analysis;

Wendy Carter for her supervision and administrative support; our team of medical abstractors (Patricia Jenkins, Leuy Tong, Kamiran Jafar, Leisa Rossello, Jessica McGann, Ara Alan, Sonya Belimesova, Marti Hand)

Drs. Somers and McCune and colleagues from the University of Michigan for their collaboration; the Georgia Society of Rheumatology and Lupus Foundation of America for their support; and the rheumatologists, nephrologists, dermatologists, and health systems who participated.

None of the authors have any potential conflicts of interest to report.

The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official position of the CDC.


Research Funding:

Supported in part by the CDC, and by cooperative agreement CDC-RFA-DP08-806 and earlier by cooperative agreement PA03022 from the CDC.

The Incidence and Prevalence of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, 2002-2004


Journal Title:

Arthritis and Rheumatology


Volume 66, Number 2


, Pages 357-368

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF


Objective. The Georgia Lupus Registry is a population-based registry designed to improve our ability to estimate the incidence and prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a large population. Methods. Potential cases of SLE were identified from multiple sources during the years 2002 through 2004. Cases were defined according to the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for SLE or a combined definition. Age-standardized rates were determined and stratified by race and sex. With capture-recapture analyses, we estimated the underascertainment of cases. Results. Using the ACR case definition, the overall crude and age-adjusted incidence rate was 5.6 per 100,000, with capture-recapture and combined definition rates being slightly higher. The age-adjusted incidence rate in women was >5 times higher than that for men (9.2 versus 1.8). Black women had an incidence rate nearly 3 times higher than that in white women, with a significantly higher rate in the group ages 30-59 years. The overall crude and age-adjusted prevalence rates were 74.4 and 73 per 100,000, respectively. The ageadjusted prevalence rate in women was nearly 9 times higher than that for men (127.6 versus 14.7). Black women had very high rates (196.2). A striking difference was seen in the proportion of prevalent cases with end-stage renal disease, with 7-fold greater involvement among black patients. Conclusion. With the more complete case-finding methods we used, the incidence and prevalence rates of SLE are among the highest reported in the US. The results continue to underscore striking sex, age, and racial disparities between black patients and white patients with SLE. © 2014, American College of Rheumatology.

Copyright information:

© 2014 by the American College of Rheumatology

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