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Subjects:

Keywords:

  • Doctor-Patient Communication
  • Communication Skills
  • Educational Measurement
  • DREAM
  • Directory and Repository of Educational Assessment Measures

Critical Synthesis Package: Matched Pair Instrument (MPI) in Doctor-Patient Communication Skills

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Journal Title:

MedEdPORTAL Publications

Volume:

Volume 10

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Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract:

This Critical Synthesis Package contains (1) a Critical Analysis of the psychometric properties and application to health sciences education for the Matched Pair Instrument (MPI) in Doctor-Patient Communication Skills; (2) a copy of the Matched Pair Instruments (MPI) in Doctor-Patient Communication Skills developed by Jocelyn Lockyer, PhD. The Matched Pair Instrument in Doctor-Patient Communication Skills (MPI) is a questionnaire tool that is administered simultaneously to both the doctor and the patient following a single clinical encounter in the outpatient setting. The instrument measures the communication skills of the physician simultaneously from the perspective of both the patient and the physician. It was shown to have construct validity for use with practicing physicians; however, its validity is sensitive to both the medical context and social context in which it is used. The MPI has acceptable reliability when a large number of responses are available. The Matched Pair Instrument for Doctor-patient Communication Skills was not designed as an educational tool and it does not have a scoring guide or performance standards that would be necessary in order to use it for educational assessment. The MPI has not been analyzed as an educational tool and it has several known limitations to its validity and reliability. The use of the MPI for instruction or educational assessment is not supported by evidence and therefore is not recommended. The Matched Pair Instrument for Doctor-patient Communication Skills has been shown to be a reliable measure of a doctor’s communication skills, when a large number of responses are available. The validity of the instrument has been shown to be dependent on both the medical context (e.g. outpatient setting) and social context (e.g. adult, English speaking patients) in which it is used. Therefore, use of the MRI in other settings would require independent validation and a reliability analysis. The MPI has not been analyzed as an educational tool and it has several known limitations to its validity and reliability. Use of the MPI for instruction or educational assessment is not supported by evidence and therefore is not recommended.

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This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommerical-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).

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