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Author Notes:

Correspondence: Melissa Engel, Division of Neonatology, University of Minnesota, Sixth Floor East Building, 2450 Riverside Avenue, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA, Tel +1 612 636 9704, Fax +1 612 624 8176, Email: wayn0020@umn.edu

The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.



  • congenital heart disease
  • critical congenital heart disease
  • newborn
  • newborn screening
  • pulse oximetry

Pulse oximetry screening: A review of diagnosing critical congenital heart disease in newborns


Journal Title:

Medical Devices: Evidence and Research


Volume 9


, Pages 199-203

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF


Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common birth defects, with an incidence of nine out of every 1,000 live births. The mortality of infants with CHD has decreased over the past 3 decades, but significant morbidity and mortality continue to occur if not diagnosed shortly after birth. Pulse oximetry was recommended as a screening tool to detect critical CHD in 2011 by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association. Pulse oximetry is a tool to measure oxygen saturation, and based on the presence of hypoxemia, many cardiac lesions are detected. Due to its ease of application to the patient, providing results in a timely manner and without the need for calibrating the sensor probe, pulse oximetry offers many advantages as a screening tool. However, pulse oximetry has also important limitations of which physicians should be aware to be able to assess the significance of the pulse oximetry measurement for a given patient. This review aims to highlight the benefits and shortcomings of pulse oximetry within the context of screening for critical CHD and suggests future avenues to cover existing gaps in current practices.

Copyright information:

© 2016 Engel and Kochilas.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/).

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