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Author Notes:

Correspondence to:Bassel F. El-Rayes,Email: bassel.el-rayes@emoryhealthcare.org

Subjects:

Research Funding:

This work was partially funded from Emory University's Open Access Publishing Fund.

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Oncology
  • Cell Biology
  • Colon cancer
  • ganetespib
  • Hsp90
  • cell cycle progression and chemotherapy
  • CETUXIMAB PLUS IRINOTECAN
  • GROWTH-FACTOR RECEPTOR
  • FACTOR-I RECEPTOR
  • COLON-CANCER
  • EXPRESSION PREDICTS
  • ANTITUMOR-ACTIVITY
  • C-MYC
  • RESISTANCE
  • GANETESPIB
  • FLUOROURACIL

HSP90 inhibition downregulates thymidylate synthase and sensitizes colorectal cancer cell lines to the effect of 5FU-based chemotherapy

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Journal Title:

Oncotarget

Volume:

Volume 5, Number 20

Publisher:

, Pages 9980-9991

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract:

Cell cycle progression and DNA synthesis are essential steps in cancer cell growth. Thymidylate synthase (TS) is a therapeutic target for 5FU. We tested the hypothesis that HSP90 transcriptional and functional inhibition can inhibit cell cycle progression, downregulate TS levels and sensitize colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines to the effects of 5FU. Treatment with ganetespib (50nM) for 24 hours inhibited cyclin D1 and pRb at the transcriptional and translational levels and induced p21, leading to G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in both CRC cell lines (HCT-116 and HT-29). This was associated with downregulation of E2F1 and its target gene TS. In addition, ganetespib inhibited PI3K/Akt and ERK signalling pathways. Similar effects were observed with HSP90 knockdown in both cell lines. Ganetespib sensitized CRC cell lines to the effects of oxaliplatin and 5FU. Similar effects were also observed in tumors from animals treated with ganetespib, oxaliplatin and 5FU. In this study, we present in vitro and animal data supporting that the targeting of HSP90 decreases CRC cell survival and proliferation. Ganetespib sensitizes CRC cell lines to the effects of 5FUbased chemotherapy. Combining HSP90 inhibitors with chemotherapy is a rational approach for future drug development in CRC.

Copyright information:

@ 2016 Impact Journals, LLC

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

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