About this item:

308 Views | 829 Downloads

Author Notes:

Address correspondence to J. David Lambeth, Department of Biochemistry, Emory University Medical School, Atlanta, GA 30322. Tel.: (404) 727-5875. Fax: (404) 727-2738. E-mail: dlambe@bimcore.emory.edu.

W.A. Edens, L. Sharling, and G. Cheng contributed equally to this work.

We thank Robert Santoianni for carrying out the EM. Thanks also to Steve L'Hernault and Todd Lamitina for helpful advice and encouragement.

Subjects:

Research Funding:

This research was supported by National Institutes of Health grants (CA84138 and AR/GM 44419).

D.B. Flaherty is supported by a fellowship from the American Heart Association, Southeast Affiliate, and W.A. Edens is supported by a National Institutes of Health fellowship (DK 07298).

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Cell Biology
  • NADPH-oxidase
  • peroxidase
  • extracellular matrix
  • cuticle
  • dityrosine
  • HYDROGEN PEROXIDE SYSTEM
  • NADPH-OXIDASE
  • CAENORHABDITIS-ELEGANS
  • FLAVOCYTOCHROME B(558)
  • HUMAN-NEUTROPHILS
  • COLLAGEN GENES
  • MYELOPEROXIDASE
  • OXIDATION
  • PROTEIN

Tyrosine cross-linking of extracellular matrix is catalyzed by Duox, a multidomain oxidase/peroxidase with homology to the phagocyte oxidase subunit gp91 phox

Show all authors Show less authors

Tools:

Journal Title:

Journal of Cell Biology

Volume:

Volume 154, Number 4

Publisher:

, Pages 879-891

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF

Abstract:

High molecular weight homologues of gp91phox, the superoxide-generating subunit of phagocyte nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-oxidase, have been identified in human (h) and Caenorhabditis elegans (Ce), and are termed Duox for "dual oxidase" because they have both a peroxidase homology domain and a gp91phox domain. A topology model predicts that the enzyme will utilize cytosolic NADPH to generate reactive oxygen, but the function of the ecto peroxidase domain was unknown. Ce-Duox1 is expressed in hypodermal cells underlying the cuticle of larval animals. To investigate function, RNA interference (RNAi) was carried out in C. elegans. RNAi animals showed complex phenotypes similar to those described previously in mutations in collagen biosynthesis that are known to affect the cuticle, an extracellular matrix. Electron micrographs showed gross abnormalities in the cuticle of RNAi animals. In cuticle, collagen and other proteins are cross-linked via di- and trityrosine linkages, and these linkages were absent in RNAi animals. The expressed peroxidase domains of both Ce-Duox1 and h-Duox showed peroxidase activity and catalyzed cross-linking of free tyrosine ethyl ester. Thus, Ce-Duox catalyzes the cross-linking of tyrosine residues involved in the stabilization of cuticular extracellular matrix.

Copyright information:

© 2001, The Rockefeller University Press.

Export to EndNote