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Author Notes:

Correspondence to: A.W. English (medae@emory.edu).

Subjects:

Research Funding:

This material is based upon work supported by grant NS057190 from the USPHS.

Keywords:

  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Developmental Biology
  • Neurosciences
  • Neurosciences & Neurology
  • DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY
  • NEUROSCIENCES
  • exercise
  • stimulation
  • regeneration
  • androgen
  • axon
  • AXON REGENERATION
  • FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY
  • SKELETAL-MUSCLE
  • SEX-DIFFERENCES
  • SCHWANN-CELLS
  • SCIATIC-NERVE
  • EXERCISE
  • INJURY
  • EXPRESSION
  • RATS

Enhancement of peripheral nerve regeneration due to treadmill training and electrical stimulation is dependent on androgen receptor signaling

Tools:

Journal Title:

Developmental Neurobiology

Volume:

Volume 74, Number 5

Publisher:

, Pages 531-540

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review

Abstract:

Moderate exercise in the form of treadmill training and brief electrical nerve stimulation both enhance axon regeneration after peripheral nerve injury. Different regimens of exercise are required to enhance axon regeneration in male and female mice (Wood et al.: Dev Neurobiol 72 (2012) 688-698), and androgens are suspected to be involved. We treated mice with the androgen receptor blocker, flutamide, during either exercise or electrical stimulation, to evaluate the role of androgen receptor signaling in these activity-based methods of enhancing axon regeneration. The common fibular (CF) and tibial (TIB) nerves of thy-1-YFP-H mice, in which axons in peripheral nerves are marked by yellow fluorescent protein (YFP), were transected and repaired using CF and TIB nerve grafts harvested from non-fluorescent donor mice. Silastic capsules filled with flutamide were implanted subcutaneously to release the drug continuously. Exercised mice were treadmill trained 5 days/week for 2 weeks, starting on the third day post-transection. For electrical stimulation, the sciatic nerve was stimulated continuously for 1 h prior to nerve transection. After 2 weeks, lengths of YFP+ profiles of regenerating axons were measured from harvested nerves. Both exercise and electrical stimulation enhanced axon regeneration, but this enhancement was blocked completely by flutamide treatments. Signaling through androgen receptors is necessary for the enhancing effects of treadmill exercise or electrical stimulation on axon regeneration in cut peripheral nerves.

Copyright information:

© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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