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Author Notes:

Email Address: Krishna S. Nayak : knayak@usc.edu

KSN: manuscript design, literature review, coordination among co-authors, final revisions. JFN: literature review, manuscript revision.

MAB: literature review, manuscript drafting and revision. MM: literature review, manuscript drafting and revision.

PDG: literature review, manuscript drafting and revision. RB: literature review, manuscript drafting. DS: literature review, manuscript drafting.

CL: literature review, manuscript drafting. HW: literature review, manuscript drafting. BSH: literature review, manuscript drafting.

FHE: lit review manuscript drafting. JNO: literature review, manuscript drafting. SVR: manuscript design, literature review, manuscript drafting.

All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

The authors thank Gowtham Velu, Melanie Mullen, and Rachel Grice from the University of Southern California for assistance with formatting and manuscript preparation.

KSN and BSH receive research support from GE. SVR, PDG, and FHE receive research support from Siemens. CL is an employee of Siemens.

BSH has equity interest in HeartVista Inc.

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.



  • CMR flow imaging
  • Phase contrast
  • Valvular disease
  • Congenital defects

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance phase contrast imaging

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Journal Title:

Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance


Volume 17, Number 1


, Pages 71-71

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF


Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) phase contrast imaging has undergone a wide range of changes with the development and availability of improved calibration procedures, visualization tools, and analysis methods. This article provides a comprehensive review of the current state-of-the-art in CMR phase contrast imaging methodology, clinical applications including summaries of past clinical performance, and emerging research and clinical applications that utilize today's latest technology.

Copyright information:

© Nayak et al. 2015

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits distribution of derivative works, making multiple copies, distribution, public display, and publicly performance, provided the original work is properly cited. This license requires copyright and license notices be kept intact, credit be given to copyright holder and/or author.

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