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Author Notes:

Address correspondence to: Dr. Haimanot Wasse, Renal Division, Emory University, WMB Room 338, 1639 Pierce Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322. Phone: 404-727-1598; Fax: 404-727-3425; E-mail: hwasse@emory.edu

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Research Funding:

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases : NIDDK

This work was supported by National Institutes of Health Career Development Award K23 DK65634 (H.W.) and by National Institutes of Health contract N01-DK-1-2471 (N.K.).

Association of Initial Hemodialysis Vascular Access with Patient-Reported Health Status and Quality of Life

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Journal Title:

Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

Volume:

Volume 2, Number 4

Publisher:

, Pages 708-714

Type of Work:

Article | Post-print: After Peer Review

Abstract:

Background Although the arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the recommended form of vascular access for patients with ESRD, its impact on patient perception of health status, quality of life (QOL), or satisfaction is unknown. Design, setting, participants, and measurements This study compared patient-reported health status and QOL scores and vascular access type among a national random sample of 1563 patients at dialysis initiation and day 60 of ESRD during 1996 to 1997. Patients were stratified into five categories: AVF at first dialysis and day 60 of ESRD, arteriovenous graft (AVG) at first dialysis and day 60, central venous catheter (CVC) at first dialysis and AVF at day 60, CVC at first dialysis and AVG at day 60, and CVC at first dialysis and day 60. Results Ten percent (n = 154) of patients had an AVF, 21% (n = 326) had an AVG, and 69% (n = 1083) had a CVC at dialysis initiation; those who were most likely to use an AVF were white and male. After statistical adjustment, patients with persistent AVF use reported greater physical activity and energy, better emotional and social well-being, fewer symptoms, less effect of dialysis and burden of kidney disease, and better sleep compared with patients with persistent CVC use, whereas measures such as cognitive and sexual function did not differ by access type. Conclusions Compared with persistent CVC use, early persistent AVF use is associated with the perception of improved health status and QOL among patients with ESRD. Future longitudinal studies may help to clarify further the association between QOL and vascular access.

Copyright information:

© 2007 by the American Society of Nephrology

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