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Author Notes:

Correspondence to: Arshed A. Quyyumi, MD, FACC Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, 1462 Clifton Rd NE, Suite 507, Atlanta, GA 30322. E‐mail: aquyyum@emory.edu

Beshiri and Murtagh are full‐time employees and shareholders of Abbott Diagnostics. The remaining authors have no disclosures to report.


Research Funding:

This work was supported by American Heart Association Postdoctoral Fellowship Award Grant (18POST34080330), the Abraham J. & Phyllis Katz Foundation grant (Atlanta, GA), National Institute on Aging grant (AG051633), National Institutes of Health grants (5P01HL101398‐02, 1P20HL113451‐01, 1R56HL126558‐01, 1RF1AG051633‐01, R01 NS064162‐01, R01 HL89650‐01, HL095479‐01, 1U10HL110302‐01, 1DP3DK094346‐01, and 2P01HL086773‐06A1).

This work is also supported partially by Abbott Laboratories and Cardiorisk.


  • Science & Technology
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems
  • Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
  • adverse outcomes
  • angina
  • hsTnI
  • ischemia
  • no obstructive coronary artery disease
  • suPAR
  • RISK

Soluble Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator Receptor and High-Sensitivity Troponin Levels Predict Outcomes in Nonobstructive Coronary Artery Disease

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Journal Title:

Journal of the American Heart Association


Volume 9, Number 8


, Pages e015515-e015515

Type of Work:

Article | Final Publisher PDF


Background Multiple biomarkers have been independently and additively associated with major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease. We investigated the prognostic value of suPAR (soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor) and hsTnI (high-sensitivity troponin I) levels in symptomatic patients with no obstructive coronary artery disease. We hypothesized that high levels of these biomarkers will be associated with the risk of future adverse outcomes. Methods and Results Plasma levels of suPAR and hsTnI were measured in 556 symptomatic patients with no obstructive coronary artery disease. A biomarker risk score was calculated by counting the number of biomarkers above the median in this cohort (suPAR>2523 pg/mL and hsTnI>2.7 pg/mL). Survival analyses were performed with models adjusted for traditional risk factors. All-cause death and major adverse cardiovascular events (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure) served as clinical outcomes over a median follow-up of 6.2 years. Mean age was 57±10 years, 49% of the cohort patients were female, and 68% had a positive stress test. High suPAR and hsTnI levels were independent predictors of all-cause death (hazard ratio=3.2 [95% CI, 1.8-5.7] and 1.3 [95% CI, 1.0-1.7], respectively; both P<0.04) and major adverse cardiovascular events (hazard ratio=2.7 [95% CI, 1.4-5.4] and 1.5 [95% CI, 1.2-2.0], respectively; both P<0.002). Compared with a biomarker risk score of 0, biomarker risk scores of 1 and 2 were associated with 19- and 14-fold increased risk of death and development of major adverse cardiovascular events, respectively. Conclusions Among symptomatic patients with no obstructive coronary artery disease, higher levels of suPAR and hsTnI were independently and additively associated with an increased risk of adverse events. Whether modification of these biomarkers will improve risk in these patients needs further investigation.

Copyright information:

© 2020 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley.

This is an Open Access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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