Citing Articles

Not sure how to cite a post-print you found on OpenEmory? Below, you will find guidance on how to cite different versions of articles in APA, Chicago, and MLA style.

APA Style
  • Pre-prints (prior to peer review)
    • Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of manuscript. Unpublished manuscript [or "Manuscript submitted for publication," or "Manuscript in preparation"].
      • If the work is available on an electronic archive, such as a pre-print archive, give this information at the end.
    • Example: Ting, J. Y., Florsheim, P., & Huang, W. (2008). Mental health help-seeking in ethnic minority populations: A theoretical perspective. Manuscript submitted for publication.
  • Post-prints (after peer review but prior to publication)
    • Author, A. A. (in press). Title of article. Title of Periodical. Retrieved from URL.
    • Example: Briscoe, R. (in press). Egocentric spatial representation in action and perception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. Retrieved from http://cogprints.org/5780/1/ECSRAP.F07.pdf
  • Final published articles
    • Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of PeriodicalVolume, page range. doi: xx.xxxxxxxx
      • Include the digital object identifier (DOI) if one is assigned; if no DOI is assigned and you retrieved the content online, include the URL of the home page of the journal, newsletter, or magazine. Use this format: Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxxxxxxxx
    • Example: Herbst-Damm, K.L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology24, 225-229. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225
American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
 
 
Chicago Manual of Style
  • Pre-prints (prior to peer review)
    • Not having been subject to peer review, pre-prints are treated as unpublished material.
    • Author Last, First. "Article Title." Preprint, submitted Month Day, Year. URL.
    • Example: Lein, Matthias."Characterization of Agnostic Interactions in Theory and Computation." Preprint, submitted July 10, 2008. http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/0807.1751.
  • Post-prints (after peer review but prior to publication)
    • If an article has been accepted for publication but has not yet appared, forthcoming stands in place of the year and the page numbers. Any article not yet accepted should be treated as an unpublished manuscript (see above).
      • Author Last, First. "Article Title." Journal Name volume (forthcoming).
      • Example: Author, Margaret M. "Article Title." Journal Name 98 (forthcoming).
    • If an article is published by a journal electronically ahead of the official publication date, use the posted publication date. In such cases, information about pagination may not yet be available.
      • Example: Black, Steven. "Changing Epidemiology of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease: A Complicated Story." Clinical Infectious Diseases 47. Published electronically July 14, 2008. doi:10.1086/590002.
  • Final published article
    • Author Last, First. "Article Title." Journal Name volume, issue (year): p-p. URL or DOI (for sources consulted online).
    • Example: Olson, Hope A. "Codes, Costs, and Critiques: The Organization of Information in Library Quarterly, 1931-2004." Library Quarterly 76, no. 1 (2006): 19-35. doi:10.1086/504343.

The Chicago Manual of Style Online. 16th ed. http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/16/contents.html. 14.229, 14.182, 14.173.

 

MLA Style
  • Pre-prints (prior to peer review)
    • Author Last, First. "Title of Article." Version, submitted Day Month Year. Repository Name, URL in repository.
    • Example: Laporte, Steven. "Preprint for the Humanities: Fiction or a Real Possibility?" Preprint, submitted 14 Dec. 2016. SocArXiv, osf.io.preprints/socarxiv/jebhy.
  • Post-prints (after peer review, but prior to publication)
    • Author Last, First. "Title of Article." Journal Name, version, volume, issue, year. Repository Name, URL in repository.
    • Example: Gamwell, Kaitlyn, et al. "Fear Conditioned Responses and PTSD Symptoms in Children: Sex Differences in Fear-Related Symptoms." Developmental Psychobiology, post-print, vol. 57, no. 7, 2015. OpenEmory, pid.emory.edu/ark:/25593/rk43r.
  • Final published articles
    • Author Last, First. "Title of Article." Journal Name, volume, issue, year, page range. Database/digital platform, DOI or URL.
      • Include the digital object identifier (DOI) if one is assigned; if no DOI is assigned and you retrieved the content online, provide the URL (preferably one identified as a stable or permanent URL). 
    • Example: Piper, Andrew. "Rethinking the Print Object: Goethe and the Book of Everything." PMLA, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 124-139. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/25486292
  • Note: When citing a URL, omit http:// or https://.

MLA Handbook, 8th ed., Modern Language Association, 2016, pp. 20-53.